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What is an automatic watch Things to know before buying

Anyone who loves or is passionate about watches will want to own an automatic movement, even though these versions are often not cheap. So, what is the automatic watch that is so popular with so many people? Is it good and is it worth buying? And are there things to look out for when buying one? All will be revealed by us in the following article.

Owning an exquisite and elegant time machine is not only a pleasure, but also a desire for many people. However, you can really become its owner only when you understand all the principles of operation, how to use and maintain the watch.

Especially, unlike battery machines, automatic watches are made more complex and detailed, that’s why it requires users to cherish and use them properly, because otherwise this watch will not work properly and will break down soon.

However, don’t worry too much because the following article will summarize everything you are looking for. First, let’s answer the question that many users want to know “What is an automatic watch”!

1. What is an automatic watch?

Automatic watches are one of the most popular and sought-after types of watches today, using movements made up of small and complex mechanical parts, unrelated to electronics. Automatic watches are also known by other names, which are also very familiar: automatic watches, automatic mechanical watches or self-winding watches.

Automatic watches with high value in terms of art and craftsmanship

Trữ Cót 40 Giờ Với Orient SAF02001S0 Đồng Hồ Cơ Tự Động | Đồng hồ, Cá sấu,  Tủ đông

Automatic watches in particular do not use a battery like the common quartz watches on the market, but work on the mainspring, which is automatically wound in the watch when you wear it on your wrist and move it… Simply put, for an automatic watch to work the entire time, you only need to wear it on your wrist for about 8 hours a day, with absolutely no need to provide any other source of power.

About mechanical watches

An automatic watch is a type of mechanical watch that has an additional winding in addition to the mechanical watch, corresponding to two types of movements: automatic and winding. Mechanical watches are preferred by experts and consumers alike over battery (quartz) watches in terms of costliness or artistic aesthetics.

Automatic and winding watches have almost the same parts, such as gears, hairsprings, bearings, etc., so they are on a “par”. However, in terms of ease of use and difficulty, automatic watches are more popular, so they are very popular with consumers and are very popular in the market. 2. History of automatic watches

In addition to the question of “what is an automatic watch”, many believers would like to know when it was born. To reveal to you, it is said that the first automatic watch was born in the 1770s (more than 250 years ago), but at this time, automatic watches were not wristwatches, but only watches. Pocket watches, as they were very popular at the time, were considered quite convenient.

It was not until 1923 that the first automatic watch was officially created, by an English plumber named Abraham-Louis Perrelet, who has been jokingly called the father of the mechanical watch industry ever since.

Seven years later, in 1930, the Abraham-Louis Perrelet collection really flourished and reached its zenith when the famous Swiss watch company, Rolex, launched the Rolex Oyster Perpetual 1930 model.

3. How many types of automatic watches are there?

Many people like the self-winding feature, so they decide to buy this type of watch

Automatic watches run not on a battery, but on a mainspring. In terms of this form of winding, people usually classify automatic watches into 2 types, namely.

– Automated automatic watches. Instead of manually operating the mainspring, you simply wear the watch on your hand for about 8 hours a day. During this wearing process, the flywheel moves and helps to raise the mainspring steadily, helping the watch to run continuously.

– Semi-automatic watches. This is a watch that integrates automatic and self-winding functions, so that if you don’t wear your watch long enough to have a low power reserve, you can

It is due to this convenience that semi-automatic watches are used a lot in the market today.

There are two main types of automatic watches, but the use of semi-automatic watches is more common

4. The structure of an automatic watch

Have you ever wondered what an automatic watch is and how it is constructed, yet it is so expensive and complicated? Even luxury watches from famous Swiss brands are made up of hundreds of different details. In addition, the common denominator of automatic watch movements includes the following parts

– Time crown: In addition to the time adjustment function, this is the part used to wind the automatic watch, and it is usually located on the right side of the dial section.

– Mainspring: This is the main part that powers the operation of the automatic watch. The energy from turning the crown is transferred to this part, and the tighter the winding of the automatic version, the more energy is stored.

– Gear Chain. The main task of this gear unit is to transfer the stored energy from the filament to the escapement through a series of pinions.

– Escapement: works similar to a brake and its function is to take energy from the mainspring through the gears and transfer it to the balance wheel.

– The balance wheel: considered the heart of an automatic watch, oscillating about 5 to 10 times per second, this part can be controlled by the watchmaker by making the balance wheel oscillate faster or slower, which will cause your automatic watch to run faster or slower.

– The gears that drive the dial. Unlike the gears that transmit reserve energy, this series of gears that control the dial transmits an equal amount of energy from the balance wheel to the hands of the watch, thus helping them to move.

Bezel: The task is to reduce the friction between the gears, thus making the watch work more accurately and smoothly. The more jewels, the more durable the automatic watch… Bezels act as bearings, reducing friction and metal wear, and they help the movement improve performance and precision. People use rubies for the stones because they have good heat absorption and are extremely hard.

The outer glass feet are responsible for reducing friction and also contribute to the aesthetic appeal of the watch

5. How does an automatic watch work?

Energy is fed into the watch in two ways: by natural movement while worn on the wrist and by manual winding.

The mainspring of an automatic watch is usually made of a large, thin, flexible, durable and coiled metal wire. After winding, the mainspring gradually uncoils and then returns to its original state. It is the force generated by this action that pulls the gears into motion.

The gears of the automatic watch then rotate and drive each other. The escapement in the machine will be responsible for preventing the gears from spinning chaotically. It will run to the beat, constantly locking and unlocking the escapement wheel to keep the gears running to the beat.

You can power it by the natural movement of the watch while it is on your wrist and by winding it manually.

Finally, the shaft part of the gear is connected to the time hands, such as the hour, minute and second hands of an automatic watch. And when we place these hands on the watch face, they follow and tell us the exact time.

6. How to wind a semi-automatic watch manually

Keeping the automatic watch movement running is very important, it can help the details inside coordinate more smoothly and in Italy. Therefore, experts in automatic watches always advise their customers to wear them for 8 hours a day. But what if you don’t have time? The answer is to wind it manually and do these 2 simple steps.

First. Check that the crown on the right side of the dial is tightened, because manual winding does not require pulling out the crown (the crown retraction of an automatic watch is only done when setting the time. It doesn’t matter).

Final step. Continue turning the knob from 20 to 30 revolutions, depending on the automatic watch model, we do counterclockwise or clockwise. Turn until the hands feel heavy or you hear a squeaking sound, stop immediately to avoid breaking the mainspring.

For self-winding watches without a manual winding function, a tip is to hold the watch and rhythmically shake it back and forth about 30 times. However, do not shake it too much, and especially do not drop the watch.

As for automatic watches with an integrated manual winding function, you should not abuse this manual winding function, as turning the crown too many times can make them prone to damage.

Moreover, it is especially not recommended to wear the watch while adjusting it, which can easily lead to bending and deformation of the inner knob and affect the quality of the watch.


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